A Look at Tar Balls and Tar Mats

Revisiting the issue of BP’s tar balls and tar mats that keep washing up since the Deepwater Horizon debacle—

(2003) Trouble in the Columbia Riverbed:increasing radioactivity under the Hanford Reach (in Pacific NW near nuke dump superfund site)

(2012) Hurricane Isaac Churns Up Reminder of BP’s Damage to the Gulf of Mexico

” . . . . Tarballs and mats are showing up from Louisiana to Alabama, even forcing the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries to issue a closure for commercial fishing in the area of a large oil mat off Elmer’s Island.”

Stewart Smith (2014) – In-Depth: The Gulf Is Still Sick

” . . . visitors let out “a collective gasp” at the condition of the once vibrant island in Louisiana’s Baratria Bay. “Today the only green thing on the beach is a glass bottle,” it reported. “There are no pelicans, no mangroves, and worse, much of Cat Island itself is washing away. It and most of the barrier islands and marsh in Barataria Bay are steadily degrading, losing their battles with coastal erosion and subsidence faster than ever.” “

2010 – DoJ refutes BP:
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANAOIL SPILL BY THE OIL RIG: MDLNO.2179 ‘DEEPWATER HORIZON’ IN THE GULF:OF MEXICO, ON APRIL 20, 2010 MEMORANDUM OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IN RESPONSE TO “BP DEFENDANTS’ MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF MOTIONFOR FINAL APPROVAL OF DEEPWATER HORIZON ECONOMIC AND PROPERTY DAMAGES SETTLEMENT < PDF

BP & The Real State of the Gulf – Pollution Report for Friday, June 20, 2014

“Numerous Surface Residue Balls (SRBs or “tar balls”) were found throughout the area as well as a large submerged oil mat. These hardened balls are often filled with deadly, flesh-eating bacteria.”

Mother Jones (2010) – Did You Know Tar Balls Glow Orange Under UV Light?

” . . . the machines that drive around collecting sand in giant sifters that are supposed to collect the tar balls while redepositing the pretty white sand. “But the sifters are breaking up the tar balls and spreading them all over the place,” Kirby says. “This operation and the traffic are spreading the contamination everywhere.”

(2010) Evidence Refutes BP’s and Fed’s Deceptions

“In August, Truthout conducted soil and water sampling in Pass Christian Harbor, Mississippi; on Grand Isle, Louisiana; and around barrier islands off the coast of Louisiana, in order to test for the presence of oil from BP’s Macondo Well.

Laboratory test results from the samples taken in these areas show extremely high concentrations of oil in both the soil and water.

These results contradict consistent claims made by the federal government and BP since early August that much of the Gulf of Mexico is now free of oil and safe for fishing and recreational use.”

(2014) Study: Tar balls found in Gulf teeming with ‘flesh-eating’ bacteria

“The CDC data on vibriosis includes all vibrio species except cholera, so it’s unclear how much of the increase in the past five years is due to infection by the flesh-eating bacteria that can cause death.

One researcher who studies Vibrio vulnificus found it highly concentrated in tar balls that appeared along the Gulf Coast after the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill.”

NOAA says “Vibrio infections had risen “dramatically” in recent years, with a 78 percent increase between 1996 and 2006.”
Auburn Univ. says “Vibrio vulnificus was 10 times higher in tar balls than in sand and up to 10 times higher than in seawater.”
BP says “This is a naturally occurring bacteria found in the Gulf of Mexico. Neither the Alabama Department of Health nor the Centers for Disease Control have reported any significant increase in cases in the last three years and no individual case of vibrio infection has been linked to tar ball exposure.”

(2012) Deadly Bacteria Lurk in Deepwater Horizon Tar Balls

Stuart Smith (2011) – Chernobyl in the Gulf of Mexico

radRED88” . . .one of the stories that hasn’t made headlines is that in addition to the crude and toxic dispersants, the spill also released dangerous amounts of radioactive material into the Gulf.”

“. . . . Reports of unexplained health problems are soaring – and the primary suspects are the toxic compounds contained in BP’s oil and the chemical dispersants used to break down the crude. From flu-like symptoms to blindness to intense chest pain to severe sinus inflammation, people across the Gulf region are reporting debilitating illnesses in the wake of the spill.”

“The production of oil delivers several different waste streams into the environment in an uncontrolled release like the BP disaster. Besides the oil itself, highly toxic compounds are also present in the gas streams jettisoned from the well, including methane and hydrogen sulfide. A waste byproduct known as “produced water” is also simultaneously discharged with the oil and gases from the well. Every oil and gas formation, or reservoir, contains these waste streams.

The toxins associated with these streams can be broken down into three primary categories: (1) organic elements like benzene; (2) inorganic heavy metals including lead, chromium and cadmium; and (3) most important, naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM).

Radioactive elements such as radium, thorium and uranium are known byproducts of the oil production process. These toxic elements are extracted from the ground along with the oil and gas, and are separated from the fossil fuels as part of the production process. Once the NORM is extracted, it is flushed directly back into the ocean in the waste-stream byproduct known as produced water. Their discharge into the Gulf of Mexico has been a daily reality since the 1950s – but the amount that was released into the water from the runaway Macondo Well is unprecedented.

(2011) Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill Blog Gulf Seafood Radium Levels [ has notes and links on the bottom ]

“Due to lack of research, little is know about the effects of NORM exposure in the Gulf of Mexico and how it affects ocean life and humans. ”  radBottle_51

Dr. Busby’s report on the discharge of radioactive material into the Gulf is here:
http://www.scribd.com/full/49647149?access_key=key-1xcpnhn9boiq0tewc6iu

(2010) Uranium and radioactivity content of the Macondo oil – Preliminary Note
By Chris Busby, PhD

Oil Uranium Final

https://www.scribd.com/embeds/49647149/content?start_page=1&view_mode=scroll&show_recommendations=true

(2012) Scientists Are One Step Closer To Extracting Uranium From Seawater

(2012) Auburn Univ. – Impact of Hurricane Isaac on Mobilizing Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Residues along Alabama’s Coastline – A Physicochemical Characterization Study

” . . . Lee data demonstrated the potential for remobilization of tar mats by similar storm events in the future.

(2013) Marine Pollution Bulletin – Chemical fingerprinting of petroleum biomarkers in Deepwater Horizon oil spill samples collected from Alabama shoreline

“We compare the chromatographic signatures of petroleum biomarkers in Deepwater Horizon (DH) source oil, three other reference crude oils, DH emulsified mousse that arrived on Alabama’s shoreline in June 2010, and seven tar balls collected from Alabama beaches from 2011 to 2012. Characteristic hopane and sterane fingerprints show that all the tar ball samples originated from DH oil.”

Vice News (2015) – Tar Balls, Disappearing Islands, and ‘Unexplained Mortality Events’: Five Years After the BP Disaster

“. . . Every hour, a football field’s worth of Louisiana’s rich coastal marsh gives way to the sea. Environmentalists often call it a “sacrifice zone,” an area written off in pursuit of profit.”
” . . . They didn’t talk a lot about some of the published studies that indicate a substantial fraction of that oil remains on the bottom, and it remains toxic,” he said. “They kind of dismissed that.”

Dear Texas Brine, Where are the Status Reports on Your Collapsed Salt Dome in Napoleonville?

Why is all the live monitoring at Lake FUBAR being withheld from the public?

You haven’t put out a “response” since January.

There is live GPS data on all kinds of coordinates and land levels all over Assumption Parish. This data is supposed to public. The helicorders are supposed to be working and half of them are dead or giving out mish-mash. No one has even tended to them (in months!) to even temporarily fix them. The CORS911 system (with LSU help) is supposed to keep giving live GPS data. Acknowledging the big public hazard from Lake FUBAR they said “the CORS911 sentinels will continue to provide the real-time hazard-monitoring solutions needed to support this response for as long as necessary.”

Everything in the caverns is falling to pieces and self-generating quakes are large and frequent so, yeah, CORS911 data is still necessary.

Where’s the info from Sandia Labs, UC Berkeley, JPL, USGS and all the big-shots who we know are watching Lake FUBAR.

Where’s the satellite imagery? Where’s the fly-over photos? Where are still photos?

Keith M. sent this document in
CORS911: Real-Time Subsidence Monitoring of the Napoleonville Salt Dome Sinkhole Using GPS (July 2013)

It is now on the Documents page.
Here’s a Q & A on the 2013 CORS report –
http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/heightmod/2013HeightModNOTESJuly.pdf

But it is from 2013. Then they ran out of money (LSU).

They are supposed to be keeping the CORS911 thing going….

“In May 2013 a commission of scientists, response agents, and stakeholders concluded that subsidence monitoring programs were essential for ensuring public safety [LADNR, 2013b]. The CORS911 system, in coordination with the other monitoring platforms, is a key resource for these objectives. After broader attention to the sinkhole wanes, the CORS911 sentinels will continue to provide the real-time hazard-monitoring solutions needed to support this response for as long as necessary.
http://gurney.faculty.asu.edu/uploads/pdffiles/VentusProject_EOS_whole_eost2013EO43.

frackturedfairytale


 

In the comments to the Creep Zone post (scroll down) I put up related docs found. Here they are:

This office has more regional papers too …
http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/heightmod/GuidelinesPublications.shtml#RP

BUSTED! In Aug. (2015) Nanometrics (helicorder providers) brag about their monitors (!!)
Real-time Monitoring with High Performance Seismic Array, Bayou Corne Sinkhole Louisiana, USA

April, 2014 – Mining Induced Seismicity -Monitoring of a Large Scale Salt Cavern Collapse

TILT! Got this 2014 paper on tilting –
UC Berkeley 2014
Nayak, A., and D. S. Dreger, Moment tensor inversion of seismic events associated with the sinkhole at Napoleonville Salt Dome, Louisiana
http://seismo.berkeley.edu/annual_report/2014_contributions/avinash14_1.pdf

and

http://seismo.berkeley.edu/annual_report/2013_contributions/nayak13_1.pdf

Gas-charged fluids creating seismicity associated with a Louisiana sinkhole (2014)

“Natural earthquakes and nuclear explosions produce seismic waves that register on seismic monitoring networks around the globe, allowing the scientific community to pinpoint the location of the events. In order to distinguish seismic waves produced by a variety of activities – from traffic to mining to explosions – scientists study the seismic waves generated by as many types of events as possible. ”

Deborah Dupré –
Bobby Jindal’s Louisiana Sinkhole Gas Creating Quakes Like Explosions, Volcanic Eruptions

News

The Texas Brine courtroom drama reported by Law360 (pay to see)

Occidental Says Texas Law Doesn’t Apply To Sinkhole Suit

Law360, New York (September 24, 2015, 5:05 PM ET) — Occidental Chemical Corp. told a Texas federal court on Thursday that its dispute with Liberty Insurance Underwriters Inc. over liability for a massive sinkhole is not governed by Texas law because the Houston-based chemical manufacturer was incorporated in New York.

http://www.law360.com/articles/706967/occidental-says-texas-law-doesn-t-apply-to-sinkhole-suit

Liberty [Insurance Co.] Says Texas Law Applies In Sinkhole Suit

Law360, Los Angeles (October 2, 2015, 6:00 PM ET) — Liberty Insurance Underwriters Inc. told a Texas federal court Friday that its battle with Occidental Chemical Corp. and Texas Brine LLC over liability for a massive sinkhole is governed by Texas law because the insureds are based in that state.

In a brief supporting its motion for summary judgment, Liberty said Occidental and Texas Brine are trying to complicate the choice-of-law issue by noting that Texas Brine’s parent company used a broker with a California office . . . .

http://www.law360.com/articles/710222/liberty-says-texas-law-applies-in-sinkhole-suit


 

Vitter, Angelle lay blame for Bayou Corne

BATON ROUGE, La. (AP) – A three-year-old sinkhole that forced 350 rural Louisiana residents from their homes has become a flashpoint in the governor’s race, with Republican candidate David Vitter accusing GOP rival Scott Angelle of running away from the catastrophe.

Angelle was head of the Department of Natural Resources in August 2012 when a swampy area of Assumption Parish dissolved into muck about 40 miles south of Baton Rouge. He left the job only a few days after the sinkhole emerged, and Vitter’s campaign has accused him of abandoning the Bayou Corne residents.

http://www.theadvertiser.com/story/news/local/louisiana/2015/09/25/vitter-angelle-lay-blame-bayou-corne/72791466/

Energy Department Selects Five Projects In First Step To Produce Fresh Water From CO2 Storage Sites

WASHINGTON, D.C. ― Today, the Department of Energy announced the selection of five projects that will study the feasibility of using salty water―or brine ―from carbon dioxide (CO2) storage sites to produce fresh water.

These projects – which will receive more than $7 million in funding from the Department―will develop and validate strategies to manage pressure and the flow of CO2 in saline formations through a Brine Extraction Storage Test (BEST).

By managing the pressure and the flow of CO2―also known as a plume steering―brine can be extracted from the formation at specific points, where fresh water can be separated in a process known as enhanced water recovery (EWR).

http://www.ladailypost.com/content/energy-department-selects-five-projects-first-step-produce-fresh-water-co2-storage-sites

NE Pennsylvania: Fracking Study Ties Water Contamination to Surface Spills

Research in Pennsylvania shows increased chemicals, but they are not coming from deep underground, making them easier to target.

http://insideclimatenews.org/news/12102015/fracking-study-ties-water-contamination-surface-spills-marcellus-shale-pennsylvania

Oklahoma Earthquakes 2015: Tremors Rise As Oklahoma Officials Struggle To Stem Fracking Wastewater Flow

” . . . shaking has become routine in parts of Oklahoma, where oil and gas companies are injecting unprecedented volumes of wastewater into the ground and inducing earthquakes, scientists have confirmed.

Oklahoma surpassed California last year as the earthquake capital of the lower 48 states and will likely beat the Golden State in 2015. “

http://www.ibtimes.com/oklahoma-earthquakes-2015-tremors-rise-oklahoma-officials-struggle-stem-fracking-2138124

All About Limnic Eruptions

Geol 105“Limnic eruptions are a rare, but potentially deadly class of natural disaster, in which toxic gases are rapidly expelled from a saturated lake.  The gas, in observed cases was carbon dioxide, which was unevenly distributed in the lake, causing part of the water to be saturated.  Volcanically active regions are particularly prone to this, as a eruptions may leave depressions for lakes to form in.  Once the lake is formed, volcanic gases, such a CO2 or methane can seep into the water, and begin to accumulate in the cooler bottom waters, due to the higher saturation point than that of the warmer water above. . . . “ (more)

http://geol105naturalhazards.voices.wooster.edu/limnic-eruptions/

More from Tripod

LINK –  http://youtu.be/jIg-LQQdbrM

Thanks to reader, Kathleen for the tip ;)

Some Science Papers on Geology, Salt Domes etc.

Of interest –

How stable is the Mississippi Delta?  – 2006

BONUS! Fault map for south Louisiana on page 2 –

faultMAPgulf

CLICK IMAGE FOR FULL SIZE

Subsurface Structure and Stratigraphy of Kent Bayou-Turtle Bayou-North Turtle Bayou Complex, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana – 1964 (pay frowny to view)

Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields – 1924

International Science Times article on Bayou Corne

The Bayou Corne Sinkhole: A massive oil and gas disaster

Peripheral Faulting at Bayou Blue Salt Dome, Iberville Parish, Louisiana – 1957- (pay frowny to view)

The Bayou Bouillon Salt Dome, St. Martin Parish, Louisiana – 1925 – (pay frowny to view)

Differential Fault-Related Early Miocene Sedimentation, Bayou Hebert Area, Southwestern Louisiana – 1988 – (pay frowny to view)

Abnormal Formation Pressures : Implications to Exploration, Drilling, and Production of Oil and Gas Resources – 1975

Geothermal and Geopressure Patterns of Bayou Carlin-Lake Sand Area, South Louisiana: Implications – 1977 – (pay frowny to view)

USGS Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources for the Oligocene Frio and Anahuac Formations, Onshore Gulf of Mexico Basin, USA – 2009 –

Geology of Iberia Parish – 1931

Lots of articles on geothermal topic for Texas and Louisiana

Info about Black Bayou salt dome storage place in Cameron Parish

 

Second Nepal Quake Shakes Lake FUBAR + Chile Warning ++

A 7.3 quake in Nepal shows on the helicorders after 2 a.m. –

LA12 shows it –

Nepal2

USGS Report

Lots of details and maps:
The TelegraphNepal earthquake 7.3 magnitude strikes near Mount Everest – live news of impact

Watch Chile –

Strange Sounds – 770 earthquakes in last 24 hours at Villarrica volcano – Next eruption ahead?
The Villarrica volcano is probably going to erupt in the next days!

Watch West Coast –

The Watchers (May 9) – UC Berkeley scientists begin monitoring tremors on San Andreas Fault

JAPAN – 6.8M Quake in the northeast- ABC report

ENE-News – Powerful M6.8 quake rocks NE Japan — Strongest to hit nation since 2011 — Official warns of upcoming aftershocks & tsunami, says tectonic plate is subducting in Pacific — CBS: Scientists detect month-long shaking on seafloor that could foreshadow mega quake similar to 3/11 (VIDEO)

Gulf Current Gets Yips + News + Methane Gas Global Emergency

Study: The Gulf Stream system may already be weakening. That’s not good.

“. . .  They conclude the system has weakened to its lowest level in 1,100 years, perhaps due to an influx of freshwater from Greenland’s melting ice sheet.< Don’t look at Corexit! Don’t look at Corexit! Perhaps due to an influx of Corexit!

global warming may already be slowing down the Gulf Stream system ” — how about BP may already be slowing down the Gulf Stream system!

New York TimesGov. Jindal’s Implosion

Jindal has made a mess of Louisiana and wrecked his reputation in the process. His odds of becoming president of the United States have shrunk to nil.”

New_MAD

OK and S. Kansas having a frack-quake swarm. RSOE screen shot –

OKquakes324

CLICK ON IMAGE FOR FULL SIZE

(3-26) – 2.9 quake in N. IllinoisMAP

Keeping up with methane news –

Arctic Methane Emergency: Methane released by the Gigaton! (billions of tons)


LINK – http://youtu.be/8F9ed5E54s4

Wednesday morning – booms off the chart at Lake FUBAR

Heli_ANI